Thailand: Road to Reform
On 22 May 2014, Thai government led by Yingluck Shinawatra was deposed by the National Council for Peace and Order (“NCPO”) after long political problems and public demonstrations. Following the incident, the NCPO has been in the process of the country’s reform in various aspects including the political system, law and justice, society, education, economy, and etc.
The 2014 Interim Constitution was promulgated on 22 July 2014, which contains numerous features including establishment of National Legislative Assembly (“NLA”), Cabinet, NCPO, National Reform Council (“NRC”) and preparation of a new constitution.
On 31 July 2014, 200 members of the NLA were announced, and the first assembly of NLA was held on 7 August 2014. The NLA has been in the process of reviewing and approving numbers of new and amendments of legislation—these include customs tariff, inheritance tax, house and land tax, rights of IVF child, land transportation, environmental liability, trade secret, increase of criminal penalty, etc.
On 24 August 2014, General Prayuth Chan-Ocha became the 29th Prime Minister of Thailand by the royal endorsement of King Bhumibol. His Cabinet, consisted 34 members from different backgrounds and expertise, formed on 31 August 2014.
The members of NRC are being selected to study and develop the national reform plans. The selection is to be completed by end of October 2014. It is also expected that the general election would be held by end of 2015 the earliest after the announcement of the new constitution.
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