The Czech Republic is introducing a new cybersecurity act. The purpose of the act, effective from 1 January 2015, is to increase the protection of Internet users by introducing measures to counter increasing number of cyber-attacks. Obliged legal entities (e.g. administrators of information systems operated by public authorities or providers of services of electronic communications) have, amongst others, following duties: (i) identifying events that could affect the security of information, services, electronic communications networks (cybernetic security events), (ii) notification of security incidents, i.e. cases of actual security breach to National Security Authority or the provider of the National CERT and (iii) taking measures. These measures are divided into warnings, reactive measures, and protective measures, which are further described by the act. Obligations established under the act do not apply to online content providers or end users.